Bilateral Agreements Between India And China

Signed in Beijing on September 7, 1993, available on the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (AMF) contract database in English, Chinese and Hindi. All three texts have the same validity. An English copy is also available in the UN Peacemaker database. According to a summary on the UN peacemakers` website, the agreement provides „a framework for border security between the parties until a final decision is taken on the delimitation of borders.“ The parties agree to „minimize military forces in areas along effective control“ and to „reduce military personnel“ with friendly and quality relations between them. (Article 2) They also agree to implement confidence-building measures along the LAC`s control, including prior notifying „military exercises at certain levels close to the effective line of control authorized by this agreement.“ (Article 2) 1 million — the exchange of two personnel routes between China and India has exceeded one million, including more than 800,000 Indians visiting China (with the exception of an average of 700,000 Indians who visit the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in China each year) and more than 200,000 Chinese visit India. 12 This is the nature of bilateral trade between China and India as a confidence-building measure that should be emphasized in order to identify its interface with their political relations, which also remains critical of their long-term prospects. Therefore, the political impact of trade, which is not measured solely in terms of statistics and profits, remains the barometer of their economic commitment. This understanding is clearly demonstrated by both parties, at least in their recent initiatives. In addition, Greater China has already crystallized as India`s largest trading partner and one of its types, with the inclusion of Indian trade with Hong Kong and Macao (as well as increased India`s trade with Taiwan and the possibility of possible taiwan unification). India and the Cpp conducted eight border negotiations between December 1981 and November 1987. In 1985, the PRC insisted on reciprocal concessions, without setting the precise conditions for its „package proposal“ or where the actual line of control was.

In 1986 and 1987, negotiations were unsuccessful, as the intermediate states of military intervention in the Sumdorung-Chu Valley were engaged militarily. China`s construction of a military post and helicopter block in the region in 1986 and India`s granting of the state to Arunachal Pradesh (formerly the North-East Frontier Agency) in February 1987 led both sides to send troops to the region. The People`s Republic of China has warned against „teaching a lesson“ to India if it does not stop „snacking“ on Chinese territory. However, in the summer of 1987, the two sides withdrew from the conflict and denied the organization of military confrontations. 8 Nothing compares to bilateral trade between China and India when assessing positive trends in China-India relations after 1962.