Since a „Homestead“ property is considered a person`s primary residence, no exemptions can be invoked for other condominiums, including apartment buildings. When a surviving spouse moves his or her principal residence, he or she must re-apply for the exemption. A new interest in Homesteading was introduced by the program of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s under the New Deal. The incentive to move and settle in the West territory was open to all U.S. citizens or intentional citizens and resulted in 4 million claims on farms, while 1.6 million acts were actually officially obtained in 30 states. Montana, followed by North Dakota, Colorado and Nebraska, was the most successful. The Indians were forced from their lands and reserves to make way for the owners. By 1800, the minimum was halved to 320 hectares, and settlers were allowed to pay in four installments, but prices remained set at $1.25 per hectare until 1854. This year, federal legislation was enacted, which established a graduated scale that adapts the price of land to the opportunity of the lot. For example, lots that have been on the market for 30 years have been reduced to 12 and a half cents per hectare. Soon after, exceptional bonuses to veterans and those interested in establishing Oregon territory were extended, making homesteading a viable option for some.
But in essence, the national land use policy has made land ownership financially inaccessible to most potential landowners. Since in the early 1900s much of the largest deep flood site was along the rivers, the Enlarged Homestead Act was passed in 1909. To allow dry agriculture, it increased the number of hectares destined for a farm to 130 hectares, which were given to farmers accepting more marginal areas (especially in the Great Plains) that could not be irrigated easily.  Recognizing the assumption that the Sandhills (Nebraska) of northern central Nebraska required more than 160 hectares for an applicant to help a family, Congress passed the Kinkaid Act, which granted up to 640 hectares of farms for Nebraska farms. The Federal Agricultural Policy and Management Act of 1976 put an end to the accumulation of homes;   At that time, the federal government`s policy had shifted towards preserving control of Western public lands. The only exception to this new policy was Alaska, for which the law allowed homesteading until 1986.  A family posed with their car in the Wolf Valley, Nebraska, on their way to their new farm, circa 1886. Any U.S.
citizen or intentional citizen who had never carried arms against the U.S. government could apply for 160 hectares of measured government land. For the next five years, the Landesamt sought the goodwill of the farms. This meant that the farm was their main residence and that they were making improvements to the countryside. After 5 years, the resident was able to file his patent (or title deeds) by submitting a proof of residence and the necessary improvements to a local regional office. The Homestead Act was signed on May 20, 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln and promoted Western migration by making 160 hectares of public land available to the people of Densiedl. In return, the farms paid a low registration fee and had to live five years of continuous stay before obtaining ownership of the land. After six months of stay, the owners also had the opportunity to buy the land from the government for $1.25 per hectare. The Homestead Act led until 1900 to the distribution of 80 million hectares of public land.
By 1934, more than 1.6 million farms had been processed and more than 270 million hectares – 10 per cent of all U.S. countries – had passed into the hands of individuals. The passage of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 repealed the Homestead Act in the 48 bordering states, but granted a 10-year extension of rights in Alaska.